Current Research References

Multilayer films and Polymer Adhesion

Rheology of polymer multilayers: Slip in shear, hardening in extension, Jordan, A.M.; Lee, B.; Kim, K.; Ludtke, E.; Lhost, O.; Jaffer, S.A.; Bates, F.S.; Macosko, C.W.; J. of Rheology, 63, 751, 2019, DOI:10.1122/1.5109788
Adapting a Capillary Rheometer for Research on Polymer Melt Interfaces, Jordan, A.M.; Lee, P.; Thurber, C.; Macosko, C.W.; Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2018, Article ASAP DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.8b03674
Role of Crystallization on Polyolefin Interfaces: An Improved Outlook for Polyolefin Blends, Jordan, A.M.; Kim, K.; Soetrisno, D.; Hannah, J.; Bates, F.S.; Jaffer, J.A.; Lhost, O.; Macosko, C.W.; Macromolecules, 2018, DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.8b00206.
Polymer-polymer interfacial slip in multilayered films, P. C. Lee, H. E. Park, D. C. Morse, and C. W. Macosko, J.Rheol, 2009, 53(4), 893-915
Direct correlation between adhesion promotion and coupling reaction at immiscible polymer-polymer interfaces, J. Zhang, P.J. Cole, U. Nagpal, T.P. Lodge, and C.W. Macosko. J Adhesion, 2006, 82, 887-902
Interfacial slip reduces polymer-polymer adhesion during coextrusion, J. Zhang, T.P. Lodge, and C.W. Macosko, J. Rheol, 2006, 50, 41-57
Coupling reactions of end- vs. mid-functional polymers, H.K. Jeon, C.W. Macosko, B. Moon, and T.R. Hoye, Macromolecules 2004, 37, 2563-2571
Comparing the compatibility of various functionalized polypropylenes with thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU), Q.-W. Lu and C.W. Macosko, Polymer 2004, 45, 1981-1991

Melt Blown Nano-/Micro-fibers

Influence of rheology and surface properties on morphology of nanofibers derived from islands-in-the-sea meltblown nonwovens, Soltani, I.; Macosko, C.W.; Polymer, 2018, 145, 21-30, Doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2018.04.051.
Nanofibers from water-extractable melt-blown immiscible polymer blends, Wang, Z.; Liu, X.; Macosko, C. W.; and Bates, F. S.; Elsevier-Polymer, 2016, doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2016.08.058
Water droplet spreading and imbibition on superhydrophilic poly(butylene terephthalate) melt-blown fiber mats, Wang, Z.; Espin, L.; Bates, F. S.; Kumar, S.; and Macosko, C. W.; Chemical Engineering Science, 2016, 146: 104-114, DOI:10.1016/j.ces.2016.02.006
Fluorine-Enriched Melt-Blown Fibers from Polymer Blends of Poly(butylene terephthalate) and a
Fluorinated Multiblockopolyester
, Wang, Z. ; Macosko, C. W.; and Bates, F. S.; ACS Applied Materials
&Interfaces,
2016, 8 (1), pp 754–761, DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b09976
Tuning Surface Properties of Poly(butylene terephthalate) Melt Blown Fibers by Alkaline Hydrolysis and Fluorination. Wang, Z.F.; Macosko, C.W.; Bates, F.S., ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2014, 6 (14), 11640-11648, 10.1021/am502398u
Meltblown fibers: Influence of viscosity and elasticity on diameter distribution, D.H. Tan, C. Zhou, C.J. Ellison, S. Kumar, C.W. Macosko, F.S. Bates, J. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech., 2010, 165, 982-900 
Melt blown nanofibers: Fiber diameter distributions and onset of fiber breakup, C. J. Ellison, A. Phatak, D.W. Giles, C. W. Macosko, F. S. Bates, Polymer, 2007, 48, 3306-3316

Nanocomposites

Kinetic Control of Graphene Localization in Co-continuous Polymer Blends via Melt Compounding, Bai, L.; Sharma, R.; Cheng, X.; Macosko, C.; Langmuir, 2018, 34 (3), 1073–1083 DOI:10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b03085
Localizing graphene at the interface of cocontinuous polymer blends: Morphology, rheology, and conductivity of cocontinuous conductive polymer composites, Bai, L.; He, S.; Fruehwirth, J. W.; Stein, A.;  Macosko, C. W.; and Cheng, X. ; J. Rheology, 2017; 61, 575, doi.org/10.1122/1.4982702
Controlling the Morphology of Immiscible Cocontinuous Polymer Blends via Silica Nanoparticles Jammed at the Interface, Huang, S.; Bai, L.; Trifkovic, M.; Cheng, X.; and Macosko, C. W.; Macromolecules, 2016, DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.6b00212
Epoxy Toughening with Low Graphene Loading, YT Park, Y Qian, C Chan, T Suh, MG Nejhad, CW Macosko, A Stein, Advanced Functional Materials 2015, 25 (4), 575-585
Does Graphene Change T g of Nanocomposites?, KH Liao, S Aoyama, AA Abdala, C Macosko, Macromolecules, 2014, 47 (23), 8311-8319
Influence of Functionalized Graphene Sheets on Modulus and Glass Transition of PMMA, KH Liao, S Kobayashi, H Kim, AA Abdala, CW Macosko, Macromolecules, 2014, 47 (21), 7674-7676
Poly (methyl methacrylate)/graphene oxide nanocomposites by a precipitation polymerization process and their dielectric and rheological characterization, JM Thomassin, M Trifkovic, W Alkarmo, C Detrembleur, C Jérôme, CW Macosko, Macromolecules, 2014,  47 (6), 2149-2155
Aqueous Reduced Graphene/Thermoplastic Polyurethane Nanocomposites. K.H. Liao, C.W. Macosko. Polymer, 2013, 54 (17), 4555-4559, ISSN 0032-3861
Graphene/polyethylene nanocomposites: effect of polyethylene functionalization and blending methods, H Kim, S Kobayashi, MA AbdurRahim, MJ Zhang, A Khusainova, MA Hillmyer, AA Abdala, CW Macosko, Polymer, 2011, 52 (8), 1837-1846
Graphene/polymer nanocomposites, H Kim, AA Abdala, CW Macosko, Macromolecules 2010, 43 (16), 6515-6530

Polyurethane

Chemically Recyclable Biobased Polyurethanes, Schneiderman, D.K.;  Vanderlann, M. E.; Mannion, A.M.; Panthani, T. R.; Batiste, D.C.;  Wang, J. Z.; Bates, F.S.; Macosko, C. W.; and Hillmyer, M. A.; ASC Macro Letters, 2016, DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.6b00792
Polymer Day: Outreach Experiments for High School Students, Ting, J. M.; Ricarte, R. G.; Schneiderman, D. K.; Saba, S. A.; Jiang, Y.; Hillmyer, M. A.; Bates, F. S.; Reineke, T. M.; Macosko, C. W.; and Lodge, T. P.; J. Chem. Educ., 2017; Article ASAP, DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.6b00767
Rigid Polyurethane Foams from a Soybean Oil-Based Polyol S. Tan, T. Abraham, D. Ference, C.W. Macosko, Polymer, 2011, 52(13), 2840-2846. DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2011.04.040
RIM: Fundamentals of Reaction Injection Molding, Hanser, New York, 1989. Macosko, C. W.
Foam Stability in Flexible Polyurethane Foam Systems, Chapter 5 in Polymeric Foams: Mechanisms and Materials, Lee, S. T. and Ramesh, S. T. eds. (Polymeric Foam Series), CRC Press, Boca Raton, FI, 2004. Zhang, X. D., Neff, R. A. and Macosko, C. W.
Polyurethanes from Vegetable Oils, Petrobic, Z. S., Polymer Reviews, 2008, 48, 109-155
Substituting soybean oil-based polyol into polyurethane flexible foams, L. Zhang, H. K. Jeon, J. Malsam, R. Herrington, C. W. Macosko, Polymer, 2007, 48(22), 6656-6667

Cocontinuous

[1] Characterizing Interface Shape Evolution in Immiscible Polymer Blends via 3D-Image Analysis, Lopez-Barron C.R., Macosko C.W, Langmuir, http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/la803450y)
[2] Diblock Copolymer Surfactants in Immiscible Homopolymer Blends: Interfacial Bending Elasticity, K. Chang and D.C. Morse, Macromolecules, 2006, 39, 7397-7406

[3] Block copolymer compatibilization of cocontinuous polymer blends, J.A. Galloway, H.K. Jeon, J.R. Bell, and C.W. Macosko, Polymer 2004, 46, 183-191.
[4] Comparison of methods for the detection of cocontinuity in polyethlene oxide/polystyrene blends, J.A. Galloway, C.W. Macosko, Polym. Engr. Sci. 2004, 44, 714-727.

Nanoparticles For Drug Delivery

Nanoparticles Containing High Loads of Paclitaxel-Silicate Prodrugs: Formulation, Drug Release, and
Anticancer Efficacy
, Han, J.; Michel, A.R.; Seung Lee, H. ; Kalscheuer, S.; Wohl, A.; Hoye, T. R.; McCormick, A.V.; Panyam, J.; and Macosko, C.W.; Mol. Pharmaceutics, 2015, 12 (12), pp 4329–4335, DOI: 10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.5b00530
Silicate Esters of Paclitaxel and Docetaxel: Synthesis, Hydrophobicity, Hydrolytic Stability, Cytotoxicity, and Prodrug Potential. Wohl, A.R.; Michel, A.R. Kalscheuer, S.; Macosko, C.W. ;Panyam, J. ; Hoye, T.R.;. J. Med. Chem., 2014, 57 (6), 2368–2379, DOI: 10.1021/jm401708f
Flash Nanoprecipitation: Particle Structure and Stability. Pustulka, K.M.; Wohl, A.R.; Lee, H.S. ; Michel, A.R. ; Han, J.; Hoye, T.R.; McCormick, A.V. ; Panyam, J.; Macosko, C.W.;. American Chemical Society, 2013, 10(11), 4367– 4377, DOI: 10.1021/mp400337f
Polyurethanes based on renewable polyols from bioderived lactones. S.A. Gurusamy-Thangavelu, S.J. Emond, A. Kulshrestha, M.A. Hillmyer, C.W. Macosko, W.B. Tolman, T.R. Hoye. Polymer Chemistry, 2012, 3(10), 2941-2948. 10.1039/c2py20454a
A simple confined impingement jets mixer for flash nanoprecipitation. J. Han, Z. Zhu, H. Qian, A.R. Wohl, C.J. Beaman, T.R. Hoye, C.W. Macosko. Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 2012, 101(10), 4018-23 DOI: 10.1002/jps.23259
A Strategy for Control of "Random" Copolymerization of Lactide and Glycolide: Application to Synthesis of PEG-b-PLGA Block Polymers Having Narrow Dispersity. H.T. Qian, A.R. Wohl, J. T. Crow, C.W. Macosko, T.R. Hoye, Macromolecules, 2011, 44(18), 7132-7140. DOI: 10.1021/ma201169z
[1] Formation of block copolymer-protected nanoparticles via reactive impingement mixing, Z.X. Zhu, J.L. Anacker, S.X. Ji, T.R. Hoye, C.W. Macosko, and R.K. Prud’homme, Langmuir, 2007, 23(21), 10499- 10504.
[2]  Polyelectrolyte stabilized drug nanoparticles via flash nanoprecipitation: a model study with β-carotene, Z.X. Zhu, K. Margulis-Goshen, S. Magdassi, Y. Talmon, C.W. Macosko, J. Pharm. Sci., 2010 (in press)
[3] A strategy for synthesis of PEG-b-PLGA diblock copolymers having narrow dispersity, H.T. Qian, Z.X. Zhu, T.R. Hoye, C.W. Macosko (to be submitted)

Functional Polymers

Direct correlation between adhesion promotion and coupling reaction at immiscible polymer-polymer interfaces, J. Zhang, P.J. Cole, U. Nagpal, T.P. Lodge, and C.W. Macosko. J Adhesion, 2006, 82, 887 – 902.
Interfacial slip reduces polymer-polymer adhesion during coextrusion, J. Zhang, T.P. Lodge, and C.W. Macosko, J. Rheol, 2006, 50, 41-57.
Comparing the compatibility of various functionalized polypropylenes with thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU), Q.-W. Lu and C.W. Macosko, Polymer 2004, 45, 1981-1991.
Controlled synthesis of high molecular weight telechelic polybutadienes by ring-opening metathesis polymerization, S. Ji, T.R. Hoye, and C.W. Macosko, Macromolecules 2004, 37, 5485-5489.
Coupling reactions of end- vs. mid-functional polymers, H.K. Jeon, C.W. Macosko, B. Moon, and T.R. Hoye, Macromolecules 2004, 37, 2563-2571. 
Effect of thermodynamic interactions on reactions at polymer/polymer interfaces, T.D. Jones, J. Schulze, C.W. Macosko, B. Moon, T.P. Lodge, Macromolecules 2003, 36, 7212-7219.
Reactivity of common functional groups with urethanes: models for reactive compatibilization of thermoplastic polyurethane blends, Q. Lu, C.W. Macosko, and T.R. Hoye, J. Polym. Sci, Part A: Polym. Chem. 2002, 40, 2310-2328.

Block Copolymers

[1] Bates, F.S., Fredrickson, G.H. 1990, “Block copolymer thermodynamics: theory and experiment.”, Annual Review of Physical Chemistry, vol. 41, pp. 525-557
[2] Bates, F.S., Fredrickson, G.H. 1999, “Block Copolymers—Designer Soft Materials”, Physics Today, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 32-38
[3] Fredrickson, G.H., Bates, F.S. 1996, “Dynamics of block copolymers: theory and experiment.”, Annual Review of Materials Science, vol. 26, pp. 501-550.
[4] Kossuth, M.B., Morse, D.C., Bates, F.S. 1999, “Viscoelastic behavior of cubic phases in block copolymer melts.”, Journal of Rheology, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 167-196
[5] Keller, A., Pedemonte, E., Willmouth, F.M. 1970, “Macro-lattice from segregated amorphous phases of a three block copolymer.”, Nature, vol. 225, no. 5232, pp. 538-539
[6] Phatak, A., Macosko, C.W., Bates F.S. 2005, “Extrusion of triblock and pentablock copolymers: Evolution of bulk and surface morphology, Journal of Rheology, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 197-214
[7] Doi, M., Harden, J.L., Ohta T. 1993, “Anomalous rheological behavior of ordered phases of block copolymers. 2”, Macromolecules, vol. 26, no. 18, pp. 4935-4944

Sustainable Polymers

[1] Senthil A. Gurusamy-Thangavelu, Senthil A., Emond, Susanna J., Kulshrestha, Aman, Hillmyer, Marc A., Macosko, Christopher W., Tolman,
William B. Tolman, Hoye, Thomas R. 2012, “Polyurethanes based on renewable polyols from bioderived lactones”, Polymer Chemistry, vol. 10,
advance article.